Perspect Sex Reprod Health Teen pregnancy and birth rate distributions included outliers, but these outliers did not cause the distributions within abstinence education levels to differ significantly from normal, thus all outliers were included in subsequent analyses.
Kreinin T, Waggoner J. Acknowledgments We thank C2ER, the Council for Community and Economic Research, for providing additional adjusted median household income data for those states that were not included in their online data set, and two anonymous reviewers for helpful comments.
Materials and Methods Level of emphasis on abstinence in abstinence vs safe sex education in Townsville laws Data on abstinence education were retrieved from the Education Commission of the States .
Interventions promoting condom negotiation skills within the context of relationships may be beneficial in increasing condom use. The relationship between psychosocial factors and condom use among African American adolescents. Further, oral and anal sex were excluded from the current study because few participants reported either behavior.
Journal of Sex Research. But, their concession was a minor one — abstinence-only education. Post hoc analyses were conducted to determine the nature of any significant main effects of time and group on the abstinence vs safe sex education in Townsville of interest.
It is unknown how having less social norms favoring sex impacts social norms towards condoms.
JAMA ; , Specifically, attitudes and social norms toward sex explained a small but significant amount of variance in recent sexual activity. Abstinence-only and comprehensive sex education and the initiation of sexual activity and teen pregnancy. It could also help them in the long run as they face puberty and those tough decisions.
Participants in both types of sexuality education demonstrated greater sexual self-efficacy post-intervention. Reference 1.
Among the 48 states in this analysis all U. Family Planning Perspectives. Editor: Sue Alford. After accounting for this influence, the level of abstinence education still had a significant influence on teen pregnancy and birth rates.
Vitzthum, Editor. Schalet A.