They are also important in revealing hidden attitudes and social norms that may perpetuate violence against children and factors that may place certain children at higher risk. Notes: Data for Jordan and Pakistan refer to ever-married girls and women only.
For example, surveys have the potential to re-traumatize research participants if questions are not asked in a sufficiently sensitive manner see Box 2.
Blackwell, Phillip. Making indecent images Distributing indecent images Possession of prohibited image of a child. Luckshields, Malcolm. Indecent assault on a child under the age of 13 Possession of extreme pornography.
Dean, Paul. Possessing illegal photographs of children Possessing extreme porn images. McSweeney, Tony. Husband, James Andrew.
The model is based on a series of underlying assumptions david boudreaux sex offender in Luton inferences and, as result, estimates are prone to possible measurement errors. Cover photo: A 7-year-old girl who was sexually abused by an yearold boy at the Mena police station in Makeni, Bombali district, Sierra Leone.
Sub-regional disparities are also found in other regions. Historically, defining and measuring neglect has been a subject of debate, particularly in cross-cultural contexts, with many questions hanging in the balance. Interviewers must also be able to recognize and properly respond to verbal and non-verbal demonstrations of distress among child research participants.
The production of reliable estimates is further hampered by considerable gaps in the availability of disaggregated data. In institutions for children with psycho-neurological and severe disabilities, nearly 23 per cent of staff reported witnessing incidents of harsh physical violence by staff.
This made it impossible to undertake additional analyses or to recalculate the estimates to make them consistent with findings from other countries. The objective in publishing these figures is to keep Brazilian society abreast of the problem and its escalation and to prioritize the specific needs of children in this age group in policies and programmes designed to reduce the number of victims of urban violence in the country.
Another problem is that reports addressing violence against children often do not provide a detailed enough explanation of the research methods to enable an outside reviewer to properly assess issues in the data collection process and their possible effect on the measurement of key constructs.