Fortunately, there are protections that cover employees who report discrimination against themselves or others. Sex discrimination includes sexual harassment; discrimination based on gender identity or expression; and discrimination based on pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions.
For more information, see our page on family leave.
Employers can differentiate between male and female employees if such differences are required or permitted by state or federal fair employment practices or labor laws. In addition, many states across the U. The interviews trace the changing roles of female officers and record their stories of discrimination, public success, and private pain.
Gender identity refers to gender-related identity, appearance, expression, or behavior, regardless of a person's assigned sex at birth.
Employers can't make available benefits for the wives and families of male employees that aren't available for the husbands and families of female employees. The primary federal law that protects female employees from discrimination on the basis of sex is Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of , which is enforced by the U.
Harassment can include but is not limited to threats, physical assault, offensive jokes, mockery, and intimidation.