Mixed models are presented in matrix and vector forms in bold. Schizophrenia Working Group of the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium collaborators; Rheumatoid Arthritis Consortium International authors; Rheumatoid Arthritis Consortium International collaborators; Schizophrenia Working Group of the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium authors; New data and an old puzzle: the negative association between schizophrenia and rheumatoid arthritis.
Sex-limited traits are determined by genes located on autosomes and express only in one sex. These assumptions can be violated for sex-influenced traits. Sex-linked traits are determined by genes located on the sex chromosomes.
Estimation of pleiotropy sex influenced and sex linked in Victorville complex diseases using single-nucleotide polymorphism-derived genomic relationships and restricted maximum likelihood. The trait is dominant in men while at the same time it is recessive in women.
Springer, Berlin, pp — Flach M Nutmeg cultivation and its sex problems. Trend Plant Sci — An example is the horns in sheep dominant in males, recessive in females. Irish E, Nelson T Sex determination in monoecious and dioecious plants.
Arbeitman M. Zhang Z. Especially, heterogeneity of genetic variance by sex can be assessed employing a mixed model with genetic relationship matrix constructed from genome-wide nucleotide variant information. It is time to move towards estimating genetic architecture of each sex to understand genetics of sex itself and complex traits related to sex.