Unsourced or poorly sourced material may be challenged and removed. Immunology Today. Intellectual disability is more common in females than males with ASD. This means that in a person with two X chromosomes most femalesboth copies of a gene i.
The sex difference in estimated prevalence per 1, children was 7. If only one gene in the pair is abnormal, the disease does not occur or it is mild. Based on this review, the current literature is inconclusive on whether a sex difference in children with ASD and co-occurring anxiety or mood disorders exists, although a few studies suggest more anxiety and mood disorders in females than males with ASD.
In some cases, persons with ASD may not participate in conversation or struggle with pragmatic language American Psychiatric Association, Review of the two studies found conflicting results on sex differences and the co-occurrence of ASD and schizophrenia or schizophrenia spectrum traits.
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There are no established differences between the sexes in sensory issues five articles. For this reason, X-linked disorders are often seen with similar frequency in males and females. Download as PDF Printable version. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research. A behavioral comparison of male and female adults with high functioning autism spectrum conditions.
The final sample consisted of 69 articles used to review sex differences in ASD endophenotypes. Keywords: Autism spectrum disorder, Sex differences, Endophenotypes, Co-occurring conditions. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research.